By late afternoon both sides were exhausted and fighting stopped. The Battle of Monmouth (or Battle of Monmouth Courthouse) was an important American Revolutionary War battle, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey on June 28th, 1778. Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1779. Although the American army outnumbered its foe two-to-one and had undergone extensive training in the art of war during its winter encampment at Valley Forge, Lee, who launched the initial attack, lacked confidence in the ability of the Continental soldiers under his command. Lee’s men were turned over to the Marquis de Lafayette, who kept those troops in reserve. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Battle of Monmouth. The Continental victory at Saratoga in 1777 and the Treaty with the French in 1778 transformed the war, especially for the British. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. The battle, fought on June 28, 1778 in New Jersey, featured British forces under the command of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton and Continental forces under the command of General George Washington. Battle of Monmouth, also called Battle of Monmouth Court House, (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey. Timeline 1777. British Casualties: Killed: 147 Wounded: 170 Died of heatstroke: 60. The previous battle of the American Revolutionary War is the Battle of Saratoga. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Monmouth-1778, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Monmouth, United States History - Battle of Monmouth. It was here that the Americans intercepted the British forces who were trekking from Philadelphia. Washington did not follow. Result: Tactical draw, with Washington's men holding the field the following morning. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Battle of Monmouth, 28 June 1778. June 28th (1778) was a Sunday. In order to strike a vigorous blow at the retreating enemy, American general George Washington ordered Charles Lee, commanding the advance guard, to attack the British rear. The battle was an emphatic victory for the Patriot militia and one of the bloodiest battles in the war. The Battle of King’s Mountain in South Carolina was fought between a Patriot militia against the Loyalist army in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War. While Wayne wanted to press the attack, Washington demurred, believing that his men were “beat out and with heat and fatigue.”. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. After a brief skirmish, Lee learned that British reinforcements under Lord Cornwallis were drawing near and ordered the withdrawal of his men. Commanders: American: George Washington British: Henry Clinton. Omissions? In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. Gen. Clinton then continues on toward New York. Although Sir Henry Clinton, who had replaced Howe, struck back hard, the Americans stood their ground. Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1780. The battle was indeed a tactical draw, but only from a narrow, post-action, battlefield perspective. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Although more a series of skirmishes than a pitched battle, this clash of arms was the result of tensions that had built over a long period and changed the conflict from politics and social unrest to open warfare. Battle of Brandywine, (September 11, 1777), in the American Revolution, engagement near Philadelphia in which the British defeated the Americans but left the Revolutionary army intact. Historical Events for 28th June, 1778 » The Continental Army or American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness. The British general Sir William Howe was lured to Philadelphia in the belief that its large Tory element would rise up when joined by a British army and thus virtually remove Pennsylvania from the war. Battle Summary. While British forces were largely led by professional officers and filled with career soldiers, the American leadership and ranks were filled with … Artillery was placed on both flanks, with the guns on the right positioned to rain enfilading fire on the British. Cornwallis then led his men in attack on Greene’s division. Every purchase supports the mission. Americans fought their longest single-day battle during the War for Independence on June 28, 1778 at the Battle of Monmouth in central New Jersey. General “Mad” Anthony Wayne assumed command over other elements of Lee’s force and manned Lafayette’s front. The battle fought on 28 th June 1778 by the American Continental Army against the British, after the 1777/8 winter spent training under Steuben. Raymond K. Bluhm Jr. is a retired U.S. Army Colonel and military historian, author, and former professor of American History. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Questions or concerns? Battle of Monmouth, also called Battle of Monmouth Court House, (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey. On the afternoon of this day in 1777, General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia. The French commander was under orders to avoid battle if possible, in order to maintain a fleet in being. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Washington presently marched to the Hudson River to join the Continental Army there, while Clinton’s forces returned to New York. …greatly to Washington’s success at Monmouth (now Freehold), New Jersey, on June 28, 1778. American Casualties: Killed: 72 Wounded: 161 Missing: 130 Died of heatstroke: 37. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Casualties: Continental Army 399; British 358. The fighting see-sawed back and forth under the brutal June sun for several hours. Engagement between Bonhomme Richard and Serapis. At Princeton, Washington once again launched a surprise attack, and succeeded in defeating the British. June 28, 1778 at Freehold, New Jersey. The commanders of the two squadrons of the … British General Howe reacted to the Battle of Trenton by sending a large force of men to New Jersey. The combatants thus resumed the positions held two years before. Outraged, Washington rallied and re-formed the men to delay until his following units were in a battle line. July 2, 1778 - Congress returns once again to Philadelphia. As Washington approached the fighting, he encountered panic stricken troops fleeing the enemy. General George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth on 28th June 1778 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Emanuel Leutze. “Ever since the 19th, we have been kept in constant alarm; all Officers order’d to lay at their barracks.” The British surrender at Saratoga brought the French into the war as American allies in February 1778. There are related clues (shown below). Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Jun 27, 1778 or search by date, day or keyword. On June 28, Major-General Charles Lee’s forces engaged a portion of the British army near Monmouth Court House (present-day Freehold, New Jersey). The commanding general’s delaying action gave time for the rest of the Continental Army to come up and join the battle. Washington placed General Nathanael Greene’s division on the right and the division of General William Alexander, “Lord” Stirling, on the left. Battle of Monmouth, 1:00pm - 5:30pm - June 28, 1778 The American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Monmouth In the wake of the British evacuation of Philadelphia, General George Washington was anxious to test the revitalized Continental Army. George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth (1778) during the American Revolutionary War. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Losses: American, 109 dead, 161 wounded, 130 missing; British, 207 dead, 170 wounded. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. The American Revolution began in 1775 and led to the rapid formation of American armies to oppose the British. Benefiting from their winter training at Valley Forge, the Continentals repulsed the British regulars and made bayonet counterattacks. Clue: Battle site: June 28, 1778. A list of battles and skirmishes between American and British forces and ther allies, during the American War for Independence, 1778, with links and references for further information. According to lore, when her husband was wounded or collapsed, "Molly" took her husband’s place as a member of the gun crew for the remainder of the battle. June 28, 1778 - Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey Troops: Continental Army 11,000; British 14-15,000. Revolutionary War: Southern Phase, 1778-1781. War: American Revolutionary War Date of the Battle of Bennington: 16th August 1777. The Battle of Ushant 1778. June 27/28, 1778 - The Battle of Monmouth occurs in New Jersey as Washington's troops and Gen. Clinton's troops fight to a standoff. France and Spain in the Revolutionary War . Meanwhile the Alert 12, Lieutenant William Fairfax, had grappled and then carried by boarding the lugger Coureur, M. de Rosilie, which had been attempting to assist the Belle Poule.The enemy lost five men killed and seven wounded during the hour-long engagement, the Alert four men wounded of whom two later died. Place of the Battle of Bennington: New York State on the road east of the Hudson River towards Vermont. 1778. Nobody was killed and there were no shots fired. Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.com with greater speed and efficiency than has traditionally been possible. On this day in history, June 28, 1778, the Battle of Monmouth is the last major battle of the American Revolution in the north. 28 June 1778. Battle of fooren Hill: May 20, 1778Battle of Monmouth: June 28, 1778Wyoming Valley Massacre: July 3, 1778Battle of Rhode Island: August 29, 1778Cherry Valley Massacre: November 11, 1778. Philadelphia could no longer be safely defended and New York was at risk. America Has a Flag. The Continental Army under General George Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House (modern Freehold Borough). The new British commander, Lieutenant General Henry Clinton, received orders to follow a defensive strategy and consolidate forces in New York City. He abandoned Philadelphia and marched his army north. There were attacks and counterattacks by both sides throughout the hot afternoon, with numerous casualties as American and British cannon swept the field in the largest artillery duel of the war. Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Rather than risk fighting a delaying action on difficult terrain, Lee ordered a retreat but was tardy giving Washington notice. On June 19, 1778, after six months at Valley Forge, the Continental Army marched in pursuit of Clinton’s troops up toward New York. After the Battle of Connecticut Farms had foiled Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen’s expedition to attack General George Washington’s army at Morristown, New Jersey, Knyphausen and Lieutenant General Henry Clinton, British commander-in-chief in North America, decided upon a second attempt. Washington at Valley Forge, by Edward P. Moran: Washington’s troops endured harsh conditions at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777–1778. Battle site: June 28, 1778 is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 1 time. When Lee attempted to surround the small force at the courthouse, he was surprised by the arrival of Lord Cornwallis’s rear guard, which Clinton had ordered back to resist the attackers. Battle during American War of Independence. Updates? So how was it that the Americans claimed Monmouth as a stunning victory? Let us know. Philadelphia had been occupied in September of 1777, but the entry of France into the war on the American side made the British change their entire strategy. It's the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Having about equal forces, both sides claimed to have won victory, but the British claim seems more valid since Clinton was able to complete his march without molestation. The Sullivan Expedition: June 18, 1779Battle of Stony Point: July 16, 1779Siege of Savannah: September 16-October 18, 1779. There are 187 days left to the end of the year. By 6:00 P.M., however, the British had had enough. On June 18, 1778, after almost nine months of occupation, 15,000 British troops under General Sir Henry Clinton evacuate Philadelphia, the former U.S. capital. When Washington arrived, he was therefore surprised and indignant to find his Continental forces retreating in much disorder. Strength: American: 12,000 British: 10,000. Extensively studied archaeologically and historically, this important battle showcased Washington’s Powder Alarm – September 1, 1774– The Powder Alarm was a minor conflict that really wasn’t a conflict at all. Washington arrived about noon, ahead of his main army, in time to see Lee’s men fleeing the battlefield. The Battle of Ushant took place on 27 July 1778, and was fought during the American Revolutionary War between French and British fleets 100 miles west of Ushant, an island at the mouth of the English Channel off the north-westernmost point of France. Supported by artillery, Greene’s men stiffened their line and repulsed Cornwallis and his troops. How and why this battle took place, however, r… Corrections? An … The Loyalists under Major Patrick Ferguson were unwilling to surrender after the attack by the Patriot militia led by Colonel William Campbell. An American counterattack on the British right forced the Redcoats to fall back and reorganize. June 28 - Battle of Monmouth - New Jersey July 3 - Battle of Wyoming (Wyoming Massacre) - Pennsylvania August 29 - Battle of Rhode Island - Rhode Island 1779 . On hearing that American Gen. Charles Lee had ordered a retreat, Gen. Washington becomes furious. Most would call the outcome of this battle a draw. The main British achievement of 1777 had been the capture of Philadelphia, but in the changes circumstances of 1778, with the main focus of the British war effort now directed against the French, Philadelphia was no longer seen as an asset. The American left held steady while the advanced right wing under Major General Nathanael Greene was pushed back. Greene re-formed his units as part of the main battle line and fought on. 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