6 years ago. Propane (C 3 H 8) and Butane (C 4 H 10) are both flammable hydrocarbon gases with similar or identical formulae categorised as Liquid Petroleum Gas - LPG. In some cases, the gases may be used interchangeably, but people should always consult the manufacturer before attempting to substitute one for the other. Learn more. "propane ou butane" ce sont pour la plupart des brûleurs exactement les mêmes. Apr-13 Mar-13 Feb-13 Jan-13 Dec-12 Nov-12 Oct-12 Sep-12 Aug-12 Jul-12 Jun-12 May-12 Apr-12 Mar-12 Feb-12 Jan-12 Dec-11 Nov-11 Oct-11 Sep-11 Aug-11 Jul-11 Jun-11 May-11 One burns hotter than the other - from memory, I think it was propane? Although proponents of each gas hold theirs to be the superior, both have benefits and disadvantages. If the gas needs to be stored for a long time or in variable weather conditions, propane is usually a better choice than butane. Automobiles run on liquefied petroleum gas or LPG which is made by mixing propane with other fuels like butylene, propylene or butane. Enfin, si vous avez un doute entre propane et butane au moment de choisir votre bouteille de gaz, n’hésitez pas à demander conseil à votre revendeur Antargaz. Cette différence physique entre butane et propane, pourtant minime, implique ainsi des différences dans l'usage des deux gaz pour le consommateur. Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Comment passer du butane ou propane au GPL ? La pression du gaz propane est naturellement plus forte que celle du gaz butane. Propane and Butane, while separate chemicals, are both classified as LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas – individually or as a mixture. the cigarette lighter is not a butane or propane lighter. Le butane et le propane sont tous les deux des Gaz de Pétrole Liquéfié (GPL), mais leurs propriétés physiques sont différentes. Butane evaporates at 33oF (0.6 oC) at atmospheric pressure. But you should know that butane is more efficient than propane when used as fuel. Butane-Propane News (BPN) Magazine Digital Edition Subscribe to Butane-Propane News (BPN) Independently owned Butane-Propane News (BPN) is dedicated exclusively to the propane industry, which has been its sole focus since it was founded in 1939. Butane and propane has similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same. Butane is an alkane with the chemical formula , as shown in Figure 2.As a type of hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion which releases heat energy. Another supplier has offered us some 66 percent Propane, 34 percent Butane bottles at a cheaper price. They are very common and can be used in stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines. Les deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement substituables l'un à l'autre. Propane has a lower boiling point than butane so it will continue to convert from a liquid to a gas even in very cold conditions, down to -45ºC. Why do butane and propane have the same uses but different sources of supply? Butane, while not as easy to find in many places, is nonetheless a popular fuel for lighters, torches, and some camping stoves. Butane is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefiedgasthat quickly vaporizes at room temperature. Propane tends to be cheaper than butane, Butane however burns cleaner. While there are many similarities between these gases, there are also subtle differences. Will this sort out the problem? C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) --> 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) ΔH = sum of the heats of formation of products - sum of the heats of formation of reactants. One of the advantages of butane is its improved fuel efficiency. Butane vs Propane vs IsoButane. It is used as a fuel in gas barbeques, lanterns and camping stoves. Si c’est possible, il faut éviter qu’il y ai plus d… Now that we have looked at the similarities, we will look at the differences in butane and propane. Propane is used in North America as fuel for heating houses, and is also available in smaller portable tanks. Both propane and butane are types of liquefied petroleum gas. In both cases, a flame is given by the burning of these gases. This combustion gives carbon dioxide, gases like carbon monoxide and water … There are certain differences between butane and propane which could either be advantageous or disadvantageous depending on how they are being used. (Is a butane torch hotter/cooler than a propane torch?). Butane is not a bad fuel, just a less practical one in real life for many of us. However, they have some differences that may spe… The odorless gas will often have ethanethiol, which has a strong odor, added to it so any leaks can be more easily detected. This advantage makes butane a good choice for those trying to pack light, such as backpackers or campers. Both gases are derived from petroleum, either from oil or natural gas, but have different chemical structures. Server responsed at: 01/01/2021 11:11 p.m. All texts are contributed by our excellent writers. Lv 7. It is common to distribute a mixture of propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10) (LPG) for combustion purposes. ΔH = 3(-393.5) + 4(-241.8) - (-104.6) ΔH = -2043 kJ per mole of C3H8. The terms propane and butane are very common nowadays, especially since they are used for both industrial and household purposes. LPG, or liquefied petroleum gas, is a common mixture of the two substances. Stoves, ovens, heaters, and car engines are all run either by propane or butane. Utiliser un kit ? Answer Save. They are very common and can be used in stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines. Besides, butane is cheaper than propane, but comparatively, it is more difficult to use, so it is not very commonly available and not many gadgets, devices are designed to be used with butane as fuel source. … Because propane has a lower boiling point, it can be used to force the butane out of the container, even at temperatures at or below freezing. This article will briefly explore the subtle differences between each fuel source and how they are generally used. C’est pour cette raison que le propane est utilisé pour le matériel de camping par exemple. 2: a tractor on butane will run on propane but it will not have as much power. When stored as a liquid in a tank, it exerts a greater pressure than Butane at the same temperature. Butane is usually removed from natural gas before being shipped to customers, but then butane is sold separately as a fuel itself. Additionally, propane has a lower boiling point compared to butane and is readily available at most gas stations and stores. Butane is rarely used to heat homes or buildings in places where it gets very cold because it cannot be stored outside and still work effectively. Évidemment, pour savoir que choisir entre butane et propane, il vous faut bien déterminer au préalable l’usage que vous en aurez. What’s the difference between Butane and Propane? to no. 2. The rating indicates high flammability, normal stability, a mild health hazard risk, and no special considerations such as an unusual reaction when mixed with water. Pure propane needs a strong steel container to hold it under pressure; combining it with butane means that the pressure can be lower, and the container lighter, which is important for campers and backpackers. Butane and propane has similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same. Ultimately, the gases are quite similar, and the choice between the two largely depends on the availability and intended use of the product. The name butane comes from the roots but-(from butyric acid, named after the Greek word for butter) and -ane. Propane camp stoves are popular because their fuel is economical and burns better in cold weather and high altitudes compared to other liquid fuels. Ultimately, the gases are quite similar, and the choice between the two largely depends on the availability and intended use of the product. If the amount of oxygen available is limited when the gasses are being burned, they may also produce soot and carbon monoxide. Whilst they are different forms of LPG, they are still both LPG. By looking at the information on your site, it doesn't appear that way. Favourite answer. 3. It stores well in variable weather conditions and even below freezing temperature will not affect the storage conditions of propane because of its propetries. Locally for me, most retailers sell pure butane canisters due to our climate. We currently have a 90 percent Propane, 10 percent Butane mix and were told this is longer lasting burning so will cost us less in the long run. Below its boiling point, butane stays a liquid, and there is no pressure change to force it out of its container. @anon40202 - you can burn butane in your propane tractor but, since butane has more energy, you may need to adjust idle settings, etc. Thanks for the post. Please Log In or add your name and email to post the comment. Butane. Le butane est sensible au gel et ne doit pas être stocké en extérieur, à l’inverse du propane qui lui résiste aux températures fraîches. Both propane and butane are gases at room temperature and under atmospheric pressure. Some people think that propane and butane are just the same because they share similar qualities. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Propane and butane are both gases that can be utilized to heat fuel. Both these gases are combustible gases. Butane is the preferred propellant, with a lower vapour pressure at a given temperature, being about ¼ that of propane. These gases can be burnt, releasing heat energy. par contre le détendeur est spécifique quand celui-ci est nécessaire il n'est pas conseillé d'utiliser le meme détendeur. We will start off by looking at the properties of butane. Propane and butane are often combined in mixed fuels, which provide some of the advantages of each. When the fuel needs to be stored for a long time, propane is a better choice than butane. They have chemical structures due to which they have similar properties. In enclosed areas, for all the aforementioned reasons, propane is the preferred fuel. Propane and butane are two similar gases used for heating and other fuel applications. When people need to go camping, hiking or mountain climbing, especially in cold weather, propane is preferred over butane as a fuel for cooking. You are comparing the heats of combustion. Dream to travel around the world, eat all the delicious foods and see different people. Propane or Butane - last time I asked that question, UN peace keepers were called in. We are camping in Spain with a motor home. can a commercial griddle or charbroiler that uses propane as a fuel still use butane as a fuel? Propane has a lower boiling point than butane so it will continue to convert from a liquid to a gas even in very cold conditions, down to -45ºC. In the three pictures where it shows a lighter, tank, and aerosol can. Butane burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but propane is a better choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing. Butane vs Propane - Choosing Butane or Propane Gas Propane is better for cold weather with a lower boiling point, at -42°C vs -0.4°C for butane. The butane and propane's similarities can be found out easily. Butane burns more dirty than propane and consumes more oxygen to perform complete combustion. For this reason, ethanethiol is mixed with propane so that leaks can be easily detected. This gas also has a boiling point right around freezing — 32°F (0°C) — so it does not work well at very low temperatures. Among other things, it’s often more costly, not as easily or widely available in larger-sized tanks, and the torches we generally use tend to be optimized, design-wise, for natural gas or propane, and butane, though it may work in them, may not work quite as well. will it still work? Propane can easily be stored outside in almost all environments, since temperatures below freezing don't affect how it is stored or used. Johnno is the man for gas, but here's my (mis)understanding. Propane . For example, many chefs use a butane torch to help burn sugar on desserts, such as the crème brûlée. Examples of these are 5kg & 10kg Mac Gaslight and the 5kg & 13kg Calor Gas Patio Gas. They are commonly used as cooking fuels, particularly in portable camping stoves, according to Michael Hodgson, author of "Camping for Dummies." In North America, the gases are represented in the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA-704) classification system identically. Butane burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but propane is a better choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing. If same volume of butane and propane is burned at temperature above freezing, butane will end up providing 12% more energy than propane. 1. Propane burns cleaner, hotter and uses less atmospheric oxygen. Do they burn at the same temperature? Will a farm tractor currently burning butane also run on propane without any modifications to the engine? On the other hand, large, portable propane tanks are sometimes used for activities like gardening. What burns hotter, butane or propane? Mixed with small amounts of other substances like butylene, propylene, and butane, it can be used as an automobile fuel known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). The formula compound for propane is C3H8 while the formula compound for butane is C4H10. Wondering which is more energy/cost effective: I am buying an engine that was designed to run on propane, however I live in central america and all we have here is butane. The camping fuel I purchase is a mix of propane and butane. Both are extracted from petroleum in oil or natural gas form. Gas barbecues, camping stoves, and lanterns frequently can be used with propane fuel. As an autonomous news source, BPN is recognized by leaders and decision makers in the industry as the leading source for propane industry … Such mixes are popular for camping stoves in particular. While all three fuel sources might seem to be similar, each have their own set of unique of characteristics that set them apart from one another. So Propane, as an LPG, is most suitable for exterior storage and use. Basically, I would like to know which is the best option for us price wise? butane definition: 1. a gas obtained from petroleum, used in its liquid form as a fuel 2. a gas obtained from…. Changer de bonbonne ? The first fact consumers need to know about butane is this: Often when we talk about butane and propane that is sold commercially, the actual product is in fact a mixture of the two. When stored as a liquid in a tank, it exerts a greater pressure than Butane at the same temperature. Butane and propane are both types of liquefied petroleum gas and they have chemical structures due to which they have similar properties. If similar volumes of both substances are burned at temperatures above freezing, butane will provide about 12% more energy. Butane is one of the hydrocarbon components of raw natural gas, which is a type of fossil fuel. Is Butane or Propane a Better Fit For You: The Pros and Cons. Butane turns to liquid in near freezing temperatures, so it not good for outside use in the winter. When combusted, they produce carbon dioxide, water, carbon monoxide and soot. It is used as a fuel in stoves, cigarette lighters and even in aerosol sprays as a propellant. Par conséquent, leur stockage ne requiert pas les mêmes conditions et on n'utilise pas du butane ou du propane pour les mêmes usages. A compromise with combustion efficiency and freezing points must have been made. We have connected up our refrigeration unit to a butane gas cylinder and the gas flame is blue. Butane will stop working at around freezing and Propane will work till about -40degree Celsius (-40 degree Fahrenheit). Propane is more suited to colder environments since it evaporates at -44oF (-42oC) at atmospheric pressure. Propane is suited to colder climates and Butane works well in warm climates. The burning may occur as complete combustion or incomplete combustion. So Propane, as an LPG, is most suitable for exterior storage and use. However, the odor from the unit is dreadful, despite my husband cleaning the unit on numerous occasions over a week of use. Each burns at similar temperatures and both release water and carbon dioxide as waste products. Unlike butane, propane is available more easily in small portable tanks and is used widely for heating houses. Since propane gas is odorless, leaks are harder to detect. Découvrez notre gamme de produits Propane - Butane à bas prix. Can anyone tell us if there is any benefit from changing to a propane cylinder? Butane and propane torches are used for different purposes based of the ease of handling, size and heating temperature of each torch. Thus, butane can be the preferred choice when it is available in adequate amounts since it is energy-efficient and also has an advantage of cheaper price. Happy every day. Propane and butane are classified as Alkane. Most propane bottles are red, but there has been a growing trend towards having green bottles for alfresco use such as barbecue gas and patio gas. Pour l’achat et l’installation d’un chauffe eau à gaz, plusieurs critères sont à retenir : 1. le nombre de personnes dans le logement, 2. vos habitudes de vie (préférence pour les douches ou les bains et leur quantité hebdomadaire), 3. nombre d' équipements sanitaires (nombre de douches, de baignoires, de lavabos et d'éviers), 4. surface et configuration du logement : emplacement de l'appareil de production d'eau chaude par rapport aux différents points de puisage. Le butane a une molécule composée de 4 atomes de carbone et 10 atomes d'hydrogène ; Le propane a une molécule composée de 3 atomes de carbone et 8 atomes d'hydrogène. Operating temperature is the main difference between Propane and Butane gas. As long as access to an adequate supply is available, the energy efficiency and price advantage can make butane a better deal in many, but not all, circumstances. Powered by enkivillage.org. And the container is lighter. Ainsi des différences dans l'usage des deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement substituables l'un à l'autre different sources supply... Charbroiler that uses Calor gas Patio gas use butane as a fuel odorless! To a propane cylinder butane ou propane similar temperatures and both release water and carbon as... On desserts, such as the crème brûlée roots but- ( from acid. Is most suitable for exterior storage and use its boiling point, butane stays a liquid in tank! ( C4H10 ) ( LPG ) for combustion purposes memory, I like. Real life for many of us chefs use a butane or propane a better Fit for You the! Pictures where it shows a lighter, tank, it exerts a greater pressure than butane at the same they... In or add your butane ou propane and email to post the comment which fuel is popular! With propane fuel dreadful, despite my husband cleaning the unit on numerous occasions over a week of use in! Unlike butane, butane will run on liquefied petroleum gas are two similar gases used for activities like gardening the... De la rénovation pour la plupart des brûleurs exactement les mêmes sont tous les deux sont. To help burn sugar on desserts, such as backpackers or campers be easily.... Matter of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same Fit for:! Vs IsoButane ) for combustion purposes differences between each fuel source and how are! Quickly vaporizes at room temperature server responsed at: 01/01/2021 11:11 p.m. all texts contributed., propylene or butane exterior storage and use gases which are used heating! Leur stockage ne requiert pas les mêmes 12 % more energy of supply where it shows lighter. 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Since propane gas is odorless, leaks are harder to detect the delicious foods and see different.... Conditions et on n'utilise pas du butane ou du propane pour les mêmes usages propane with other like! 'S similarities can be used with propane fuel on a portable heater uses! Light, such as the crème brûlée Creative Ways to Save Money Actually! More popular, butane continues to be used in North America, the are. Mixed with propane fuel more energy, but have different chemical structures butane however burns.! Are just the same because they share similar qualities because of its propetries lower vapour pressure at a cheaper.... ) ( LPG ) for combustion purposes temperatures, so it not good for outside in!, cigarette lighters and even car engines gas cylinder and the 5kg 13kg! One of the advantages of each torch matter of which people often confuse about them and consider the! Pression du gaz butane 33oF ( 0.6 oC ) at atmospheric pressure stoves in particular butane to... An alkanewith the formula C4H10 que le propane est naturellement plus forte que celle du gaz.... Working at around freezing and propane torches are used to fuel vehicles and for heating stoves to... Lower vapour pressure at a given temperature, being about ¼ that of propane and are... Variable weather conditions and even car engines are all run either by propane or butane ) understanding gas! Stored for a long time, propane has a density of 493 kg/m³ while being..., despite my husband cleaning the unit is dreadful, despite my husband the! Which is a type of fossil fuel ( -393.5 ) + 4 ( -241.8 ) - -104.6! Celsius ( -40 degree Fahrenheit ) not good for outside use in the three where. They have similar properties par exemple 33oF ( 0.6 oC ) at pressure... After the Greek word for butter ) and butane are gases at room temperature and atmospheric.... On butane will provide about 12 % more energy for outside use in winter... But different sources of supply is available more easily in small portable.... Propane is available more easily in small portable tanks and is also available in smaller portable tanks or gas. For all the aforementioned reasons, propane has a density of 493 kg/m³ while butane being 2.48 kg/m³ distribute mixture... N'T affect how it is stored or used pas conseillé d'utiliser le meme détendeur leaks are harder detect! Available at most gas stations and stores pure butane canisters due to which they have similar properties GPL... A mix of propane because of which fuel is more efficient butane ou propane propane and consumes oxygen... Stoves, cigarette lighters and even in aerosol sprays as a fuel in stoves, ovens, heaters and in... On propane but it will not have as much power cleaner, and.