[230] The UConn Huskies football team has played in the Football Bowl Subdivision since 2002, and has played in four bowl games. However, in those cases, Connecticut income tax must be withheld only to the extent the Connecticut tax exceeds the amount withheld by the other jurisdiction. Nineteen departments have 100 or more police officers, with the largest five being Hartford (445), New Haven (443), Bridgeport (406), Waterbury (292), and Stamford (282). It continues its long tradition of prosperity, with in-migrants attracted by the good employment opportunities, excellent educational facilities, and pleasant living conditions for the majority of its people. [88] On June 21, 1916, the Navy made Groton the site for its East Coast submarine base and school. Otherwise, it is still the design of Congress. The coldest month (January) has average high temperatures ranging from 38 °F (3 °C) in the coastal lowlands to 33 °F (1 °C) in the inland and northern portions on the state. According to it, the western boundary of Connecticut ran north from Greenwich Bay for a distance of 20 miles (32 km),[41][42] "provided the said line come not within 10 miles of Hudson River". She purchased the lucky ticket Monday at A … Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. To read a CT scan, start by noting the shades of white, gray, and black since dense tissues like bone will be in the white areas, air and fat show as dark gray or black, and soft tissues and fluids will read as various shades of gray. [109], In 2000, presidential candidate Al Gore chose Senator Joe Lieberman as his running mate, marking the first time that a major party presidential ticket included someone of the Jewish faith. 22a-69-1 to 22a-69-7.4: Control of Noise", "About Connecticut Courts: History of the Courts", "Judicial District Courts Staff Directory", "Town Elections, Boroughs in Connecticut with Date of Incorporation", "Regional Councils of Governments (RCOGs) in Connecticut", "Connecticut governor signs bill to repeal death penalty", "Health Reform Alive: Legislature Overrides Rell Veto Of Sustinet Care Plan, Six Other Bills", "Connecticut Earns a B on State Report Card, Ranks Third in Nation—Quality Counts", "Connecticut Education Data and Research", "MxCC Named a '2013 Great College to Work For, Tunxis Community College Institutional Self-Study, "Twin National Championships Are A First in Division I Basketball", "Connecticut women and men make basketball history (again)", "Connecticut's 111-Game Winning Streak Ends With Loss to Mississippi State", https://northeastconference.org/sports/2019/7/17/gen_aboutnec_1920.aspx, "2018-2021 Connecticut State Troubadour — Nekita Waller", "Meryl Streep, Oscars' Stars and Other Celebs in Connecticut (We Map Them)", "Samuel Clemens and the Mark Twain Library", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Connecticut&oldid=997513726, States and territories established in 1788, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly normal high and low temperatures for various Connecticut cities (°F), The 21st century in Connecticut in photos, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 22:01. [34], The main body of settlers came in one large group in 1636. The state then ceded the Western Reserve in 1800 to the federal government,[65] which brought it to its present boundaries (other than minor adjustments with Massachusetts). [106] In 1974, Connecticut elected Democratic Governor Ella T. Grasso, who became the first woman in any state to be elected governor without being the wife or widow of a previous governor. [82], When World War I broke out in 1914, Connecticut became a major supplier of weaponry to the U.S. military; by 1918, 80% of the state's industries were producing goods for the war effort. Half of Connecticut was initially part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. [33] John Winthrop the Younger of Massachusetts received a commission to create Saybrook Colony at the mouth of the Connecticut River in 1635. [196], Locally elected representatives also develop Local ordinances to govern cities and towns. Connecticut takes its name from an Algonquian word meaning “land on the long tidal river.” “Nutmeg State,” “Constitution State,” and “Land of Steady Habits” are all sobriquets that have been applied to Connecticut. The Lieutenant Governor presides over the Senate, except when absent from the chamber, when the President pro tempore presides. 3 weeks ago Add comment. Daily high temperatures in October and November range from the 50s to 60s (Fahrenheit) with nights in the 40s and upper 30s. Periodic volcanic activity some 150–200 million years ago pushed immense quantities of molten rock to the surface and produced the igneous deposits of the central valley. In some coastal communities, Magnolia grandiflora (southern magnolia), Crape Myrtles, scrub palms (Sabal minor), Needle Palms (Rhapidophyllum hystrix), and other broadleaved evergreens are cultivated in small numbers. Chris Dehnel, Patch Staff. Since 1952, a PGA Tour golf tournament has been played in the Hartford area. Longtime Hartford resident Mark Twain could very well have meant Connecticut when he coined the now widely appropriated saw, “If you don’t like the weather, wait a minute.” Changeability is perhaps the state’s most marked weather characteristic. Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides), is found in wetlands in the southern parts of the state. [39] Historically important colonial settlements included Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), Saybrook (1635), Hartford (1636), New Haven (1638), Fairfield (1639), Guilford (1639), Milford (1639), Stratford (1639), Farmington (1640), Stamford (1641), and New London (1646). The No. The Speaker of the House presides over the House. [77][78], Connecticut's extensive industry, dense population, flat terrain, and wealth encouraged the construction of railroads starting in 1839. Smaller regional air service is provided at Tweed New Haven Regional Airport. [81], In 1875, the first telephone exchange in the world was established in New Haven. The Northeastern US state of Connecticut is home to a population of 3,574,097 individuals (as of 2010). The New Haven purchased 50 smaller companies, including steamship lines, and built a network of light rails (electrified trolleys) that provided inter-urban transportation for all of southern New England. Box 5065, Hartford, CT 06102: To perform a search, enter the last name of the person, the business name, or the property ID you're searching for and click the "Search Properties" button. [67] The cessation of imports from Britain stimulated the construction of factories to manufacture textiles and machinery. Prescott Bush represented Connecticut in the U.S. Senate from 1952 to 1963; his son George H.W. It is located in the New England region of the country. [79], The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, called the New Haven or "The Consolidated", became the dominant Connecticut railroad company after 1872. The state is dotted with lakes, the largest of which, Lake Candlewood, lies north of Danbury in the western part of the state and covers 8.5 square miles (22 square km). 3 … Connecticut lies along Amtrak's Northeast Corridor which features frequent Northeast Regional and Acela Express service from New Haven south to New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, DC, and Norfolk, VA. Coastal cities and towns between New Haven and New London are also served by the Shore Line East commuter line. Amtrak also operates a shuttle service (CTRail) between New Haven and Springfield, Massachusetts, serving Wallingford, Meriden, Berlin, Hartford, Windsor Locks, and Springfield, MA and the Vermonter runs from Washington to St. Albans, Vermont via the same line. Connecticut, thus, is a very small state and encompasses an area of a little more than five thousand square miles. The city centres of Hartford, New Haven, and Bridgeport are particularly poverty-ridden. [40], The western boundaries of Connecticut have been subject to change over time. This irregularity in the boundary is the result of territorial disputes in the late 17th century, culminating with New York giving up its claim to the area, whose residents considered themselves part of Connecticut, in exchange for an equivalent area extending northwards from Ridgefield to the Massachusetts border, as well as undisputed claim to Rye, New York. The state is roughly rectangular in shape, with a panhandle of Fairfield county extending to the southwest on the New York border. [115] Hurricane Sandy had tropical storm-force winds when it reached Connecticut October 29, 2012. The highest court of Connecticut's judicial branch is the Connecticut Supreme Court, headed by the Chief Justice of Connecticut. Hector Marte won playing the Deluxe game. Hartford; Food United States. The regions are established for the purpose of planning "coordination of regional and state planning activities; redesignation of logical planning regions and promotion of the continuation of regional planning organizations within the state; and provision for technical aid and the administration of financial assistance to regional planning organizations".[205]. The Supreme Court is responsible for deciding on the constitutionality of the law or cases as they relate to the law. Only the WNBA team the Connecticut Sun. The fundamental administrative level in Connecticut is the New England town. Weather commonly associated with the fall season typically begins in October and lasts to the first days of December. These Fundamental Orders represent the framework for the first formal Connecticut state government written by a representative body in Connecticut. Based on the 2005 estimates, Connecticut moved from 29th most populous state to 30th. In 1926, Hartford had a franchise in the National Football League known as the Hartford Blues. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program University of Connecticut - Avery Point, Lowell P. Weicker Jr. Building 1080 Shennecossett Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340 Phone: 860-405-9128 Fax: 860-405-9109 Email: seagrant@uconn.edu Emeritus Professor of Geography, Southern Connecticut State College, New Haven. [32], The Connecticut Colony was originally a number of separate, smaller settlements at Windsor, Wethersfield, Saybrook, Hartford, and New Haven. [57], The state was also the launching site for a number of raids against Long Island orchestrated by Samuel Holden Parsons and Benjamin Tallmadge,[58] and provided men and material for the war effort, especially to Washington's army outside New York City. Connecticut (/ k ə ˈ n ɛ t ɪ k ə t / ()) is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. James H. Ward of Hartford was the first U.S. 169 towns are present in the state. The Redding encampment allowed Putnam's soldiers to guard the replenished supply depot in Danbury and to support any operations along Long Island Sound and the Hudson River Valley. Our subreddit is dedicated to connecting the redditors of Connecticut so they may share their experiences with Connecticut's cultural offerings. Connecticut Route 34 runs through the northern (Stevenson) section of Monroe. The state capital and fourth largest city is Hartford, and other major cities and towns (by population) include Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, Danbury, New Britain, Greenwich, and Bristol. The state's access to the open Atlantic Ocean is both to the west (toward New York City) and to the east (toward the "race" near Rhode Island). [105], In 1968, commercial operation began for the Connecticut Yankee Nuclear Power Plant in East Haddam; in 1970, the Millstone Nuclear Power Station began operations in Waterford. 6.6% of its population was reported as being under 5 years old, 24.7% under 18 years old, and 13.8% were 65 years of age or older. The Connecticut Sun of the WNBA currently play at the Mohegan Sun Arena in Uncasville. Colored Troops, with several Connecticut men becoming generals. [156], Connecticut levies a 6.35% state sales tax on the retail sale, lease, or rental of most goods. Connecticut has one native cactus (Opuntia humifusa), found in sandy coastal areas and low hillsides. [180] Foxwoods Resort Casino and Mohegan Sun are the two biggest tourist draws and number among the state's largest employers;[181] both are located on Native American reservations in the eastern part of Connecticut. Daily Data Report for Connecticut Latest Update: December 29, 2020 at 4:00 p.m. HOLIDAY REPORTING SCHEDULE: This week, there will not be a COVID-19 data report released on Friday, January 1 (New Year’s Day). However, as the war became a crusade to end slavery, many Democrats (especially Irish Catholics) pulled back. Omissions? [107], Connecticut's dependence on the defense industry posed an economic challenge at the end of the Cold War. It may have come from its sailors returning from voyages with nutmeg, which was a very valuable spice in the 18th and 19th centuries. Take a look back at how the big things (like high school graduations and the first day of school) and even the little things ... looked different in Connecticut in 2020. More than 300 species of birds are often seen in the state, though sightings of the Connecticut warbler are rare. There are two Connecticut teams in the American Hockey League. No racist, discriminatory, vulgar or threatening language will be tolerated. The Hartford Whalers of the National Hockey League played in Hartford from 1975 to 1997 at the Hartford Civic Center. The bus route opened to the public on March 28, 2015.[187][188][189]. Connecticut was also an important U.S. Navy supplier, with Electric Boat receiving orders for 85 submarines,[86] Lake Torpedo Boat building more than 20 subs,[87] and the Groton Iron Works building freighters. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Live in Connecticut? The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of “Quononoquett (Conanicut),” a Mohegan-Pequot word for "long tidal river".[13]. Race and Hispanic Origin, for the United States, Regions, Divisions, and States: 1990, "American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_01.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_08-508.pdf, Adults in Connecticut—Religion in America: U.S. Connecticut, constituent state of the United States of America. A provision excluding clothing under $50 from sales tax was repealed as of July 1, 2011[update]. Many residents of central and southern Connecticut also make heavy use of JFK International Airport and Newark International Airports, especially for international travel. A computerized tomography (CT) scan combines a series of X-ray images taken from different angles around your body and uses computer processing to create cross-sectional images (slices) of the bones, blood vessels and soft tissues inside your body. Connecticut does not have county government, unlike all other states except Rhode Island. Virtually all of the primeval forest has been cut, however, and, although some of the original speciation still exists, the woodland that now covers nearly two-thirds of the state more closely resembles a mixed forest. Connecticut received a mark of B-plus and finished fourth for School Finance. Sikorsky Memorial Airport is located in Stratford and mostly services cargo, helicopter and private aviation. Soldiers at the Redding camp endured supply shortages, cold temperatures, and significant snow, with some historians dubbing the encampment "Connecticut's Valley Forge". The nickname also might refer to the Fundamental Orders of 1638–39. Election Night in Connecticut: Biden wins big, congressional incumbents hold on and Democrats make gains in General Assembly. Their valleys come together to form the Thames River, which reaches Long Island Sound at New London. ", "STATE MOTOR FUEL TAXES: NOTES SUMMARY RATES EFFECTIVE 01/01/2020", "CT Median Single-Family Home Price Reaches 11-Year High in 2019", "U.S. Foreclosure Activity Drops To 15-year Low In 2019", "2020 Economic Outlook: Slowing Growth Globally, Technology Changes Abound", "Search Results for the 100 largest employers in Connecticut", "Bridgewater Associates is the world's largest hedge fund firm for the fourth straight year says Institutional Investor's Alpha", "Industry Sectors Employment (CES)—State of Connecticut", "UTC no more: Merger with Raytheon set for Friday, ending 45-year-old conglomerate headquartered in Connecticut", "Wilton manufacturer logs another big year despite industry woes", "Gun Makers Use Home Leverage in Connecticut", "Marlin Firearms Closes in North Haven, Ending 141 Years of Manufacturing in Connecticut", "Economic Impact of Tourism in Connecticut, 2017", "Search Results for the 25 largest employers in Connecticut", 2017 Census of Agriculture State Profile: Connecticut, "More Bicycling, Walking to Work; New Haven Leads the Way in Connecticut", "Hartford Line debuts with 10K passengers in first week", "Despite Snow, Thousands of Riders, Many First-Timers, Experience CTfastrak on First Day of Service", "The Busway to the Future: Insider to CTfastrak before Opening to Public", "Constitution of the State of Connecticut", "Connecticut Ordinances and Charters by Town", "Sec. Yale alumnus Walter Camp is deemed the "Father of American Football", and he helped develop modern football while living in New Haven. The Department of Energy & Environmental Protection monitors reports of black bear activity in Connecticut. Tourists spent $9.3 billion in Connecticut in 2017 according to estimates as part of a series of studies commissioned by the state of Connecticut. [112][113] Heavy rainfall caused the Connecticut River to flood downtown Hartford and East Hartford. According to Webster's New International Dictionary (1993), a person who is a native or resident of Connecticut is a "Connecticuter". MERIDEN, CT — A Meriden woman won $20,000 playing the CT Lottery. Income from employment was untaxed, but income from investments was taxed at 13%, the highest rate in the U.S., with no deductions allowed for costs of producing the investment income, such as interest on borrowing. Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Females made up approximately 51.6% of the population, with 48.4% male. Variations of the bicameral legislature had been proposed by Virginia and New Jersey, but Connecticut's plan was the one that was in effect until the early 20th century, when Senators ceased to be selected by their state legislatures and were instead directly elected. [202] In 2000, the county sheriff was abolished and replaced with the state marshal system, which has districts that follow the old county territories. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. In soccer, Hartford Athletic began play in the USL Championship in 2019, serving as the reserve team for the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer. The three largest states — Alaska, Texas, and California — make up about 30% of the entire country. [158] There are no additional sales taxes imposed by local jurisdictions. Connecticut is slightly larger than the country of Montenegro. [99] In Bridgeport, General Electric produced a significant new weapon to combat tanks: the bazooka. Sandy Hook borders the village of Botsford, the Newtown borough, and the towns of Monroe, Southbury, and Oxford along the Housatonic River.The village of Sandy Hook includes the communities of Berkshire, Riverside, Walnut Tree Hill, and Zoar. [174] Lockheed Martin subsidiary Sikorsky Aircraft operates Connecticut's single largest manufacturing plant in Stratford,[170] where it makes helicopters. The other major highways in Connecticut are the Merritt Parkway and Wilbur Cross Parkway, which together form Connecticut Route 15 (Route 15), traveling from the Hutchinson River Parkway in New York parallel to I-95 before turning north of New Haven and traveling parallel to I-91, finally becoming a surface road in Berlin. The Latest Big Lottery Winners From Across Connecticut - Across Connecticut, CT - See the latest winners of 10,000 or more in assorted CT Lottery games. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives, the largest Christian denominations, by number of adherents, in 2010 were: the Catholic Church, with 1,252,936; the United Church of Christ, with 96,506; and non-denominational Evangelical Protestants, with 72,863.[142]. Somedays you just need a big juicy steak with a few glasses of wine or whiskey. [80], As steam-powered passenger ships proliferated after the Civil War, Noank would produce the two largest built in Connecticut during the 19th century, with the 332-foot wooden steam paddle wheeler Rhode Island launched in 1882, and the 345-foot paddle wheeler Connecticut seven years later. Connecticut averages 56% of possible sunshine (higher than the U.S. national average), averaging 2,400 hours of sunshine annually.[21]. Other major manufacturers include the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics, which makes submarines in Groton,[175] Boehringer Ingelheim, a pharmaceuticals manufacturer with its U.S. headquarters in Ridgefield,[170] and ASML, which in Wilton makes precision lithography machines used to create circuitry on semiconductors and flat-screen displays. Colonial limits until the adoption of the total area but is among the 50 U.S. States in terms of area! Owned by the governor presided over the House were mostly eliminated in.. Will be tolerated area 5,543 square miles ( 3,200 km ) in their territory—while simultaneously lands... In 1777, southern Connecticut also make heavy use of JFK International Airport and International! Up about 30 % off was not adopted in Connecticut legislative races by King II... [ 111 ] in 2004 and services in General are not subject to sales and taxes. 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